Simdega falls under the earstwhile Biru kingdom of yesteryears. The kings of Birugarh whose ancestors were from great Ganga Vamsi (Gajapati) royal family of Kalinga-Utkala Empire (Orissa) ruled over this region for centuries, even during the British Colonial era. The royal family still resides at Biru or Birugarh village which is situated at a distance of about 11 km from District headquarter, Simdega on N.H. 23. This region of beautiful plateau is inhabited by the simple adivasis (tribals) in great majority. This small village now evolving into a semi-township, has been popular to the missionaries, who established convents, hospitals and parishes on the lands donated by the Biru Kings and its subordinates.
The missionaries on the one hand spread Christianity in this tribal region where early there were mainly nature worshipers and Hindus but on the other hand the missionary also helped in spreading the education with opening several Christian schools in remote areas. Being in the south Bihar now Jharkhand the language has been the sweet Nagpuri - whose offshoots are the now Sadri in many forms and adaptability. Other languages spoken by the local adivasi tribes are Mundari, Oraon, Kharia etc. This region is highly influenced by Oriya culture as this area was ruled by the Oriya Kings. From centuries the Kings of Biru invited Brahmin scholars from Orissa to this region & gradually these Oriya Brahmins settled in every corner of Biru Kingdom, even in present day in remote villages of this region one can trace these Oriya Brahmins families. The Biru Kings had donated acres of land & even villages & Zamindaris to them.
The place has also been so peace and quiet. The schools of this area along with other Jharkhand districts have produced some eminent hockey players from this area. The development of Simdega is crucial to the development of south Jharkhand. Being in the proximity to Rourkela, Orissa the region is bound to develop and cater to south Jharkhand tribal population Ranchi being away and busy hub as state capital. Ramrekha Dham is the most important tourist destination of this area. It is situated at a picturesque place on top of a hill and every year there is a big fair during Kartik Purnima. It is said, that Lord Rama along with Sita and brother Laxman has visited this place and has left his mark there.
This place was discovered and developed by the erstwhile Biru Royal-family. In recent times this holy place has been made popular by the presence of holy saint Sri Brahmachari Maharaj or Ramrekha Baba, who died recently, Shri Jayaram Prapanna also famous as "Ramrekha Baba". The idols of Ram and Krishna are present in this cave shrine temple. On the rocks outside there are footmarks of Ram and Sita, a Conch Shell (Shankh) which produces the sound ram-ram, Dhanush Kund (a small pond in the shape of a bow) on the rocks.
Famous Tourist Spots -
Kelaghgh dam is the most beautiful dam on Chhinda River in Simdega. It is situated at a distance of 4 km from district headquarter. The lovely water dam is surrounded by multiple hills which attracts tourists very much. The district administration is providing the facility of motor boating and parasailing. There is a plateau in Kelaghagh dam where a small and beautiful park exists. At Kelaghagh dam the construction of hotel is going on where the tourists can avail the lodging and fooding facility. Simdega Notified area committee is making supply of drinking water to Simdega town from Kelaghagh dam.
Ram Rekha dham
Ram rekha dham is the holy place which is about 26 K.M from Simdega headquarter. People say during 14 years BANWAS (exile) period lord Sri Rama, Mata Sita and Laxman had visited this place and lived here for some time. Some archaeological structures like agni kund, charan paduka, sita chulha, gupt ganga etc. shows that during BANWAS period they followed this path. People visited Ram rekha dham to view these archaeological structures and temple of lord Rama, Maa Sita , Laxman, Hanumana and Lord Shiva which lies in a bowed cave . Every Year on Kartik Purnima a Mela is organised here. People from different states and of all community come here and pray to GOD for their happiness.
Dangadi is a lovely scenically place. It is situated in block Bolba. A beautiful waterfall attracts the visitors .It is developed as picnic spot.
Ketunga Dham situated in Bano Block is very important historical place. The archaeological survey of India points out this place as the Land Of Buddha Period. At Ketunga Dham many statue of Buddha were found. It is said that King Ashoka (MOURYA EMPEROR) established these statues while returning to Patliputra after Kalinga war.
Rajadera is situated in Thethaitanger Block. There exists beautiful and small water falls on Chhinda river. The field of sand attracts everyone for a picnic.
Bhairo Baba Pahari
Bhairo Baba Pahari is a cave situated in Phulwatanger village of Simdega Block. The Cave looks like a living body.
Bhanwar Pahar is in Kolebira Block. Here lots of Black bees (Bhanwara) found and it is said Bhanwar Pahar due to this. In ancient age these flies were used as the soldiers. It is very similar to Himachal Pradesh. Flowers of GULAITCHI on the small hill are nature's gift to villagers living in the small houses on the hill. A small Natural pond exists in between the stones on the hill. It is surprising to see the pond full of water in all seasons. Looking the ground from the top of the small hill is a great feeling. One can feel the natural air-conditioning system inside the cave on Bhanwar Pahaar.
Mazar of Anjan Peer Saheeb
Mazar of Anjaam Peer Saheeb is inside the premise of Kolebira police station. This is a great symbol of harmony, Social Policing and perhaps a single example of Mazar inside a Police Station. Every Year Uras Mela is organised here and people of all community prays for peace.
Tingina can be said the ASHOK VATIKA of Simdega. Here no other trees except Ashoka Tree exist. It is a great gift of nature to the villagers of Tingina in Jaldega Block.
Bandurga is the holy place of Goddess of SHAKTI, DEVI DURGA and situated in Bolba Block. Here people come and pray to Devi Durga for their happiness. This place is also a natural picnic spot.
How to reach Simdega?
Simdega is located in the south-western part of the state of Jharkhand. As far as its border is concerned it is surrounded by Gumla district in the North, Khunti and West Singhbhum in the east, Chhattisgarh state in the west and Orissa state in the South.
By road Passenger buses and Non Stop buses run regularly from Ranchi, Gumla, Lohardaga, Sasaram and Rourkela (Orrisa).
By road ->
1. Simdega to Ranchi - 170 km.
2. Simdega to Gumla - 98 km.
3. Simdega to Rourkela(Orissa) - 77 km.
By air ->
Nearby airports are Ranchi, Kolkata, Bhuvneshwar.
By rail ->
Railway facility is not enough in Simdega district. Only two blocks (Bano and Jaldega) of Simdega district are connected via railway line. Bokaro Allepy (Exp. Stops at Bano); Tapasvini (Exp. Stops at Bano) and Hatia Jharsuguda are the trains which passes though these stations. These blocks lies between the ranchi-rourkela rail route.